CALIFORNIA MINIMUM
WAGE INFORMATION

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CALIFORNIAMINIMUM WAGES INFORMATION

attorney David Mara, defends California Workers.

California’s minimum wage is higher than almost every state in the Country.

Below, our California Minimun Wage Attorney, explains important information.

The following is a chart on how much California’s minimum wage will increase over the next few years:

Employers with 26 or more employees:

  • January 1, 2020,- $13.00 per hour
  • January 1, 2021 – $14.00 per hour
  • January 1, 2022 – $15.00/hour

Employees with 26 or fewer employers:

  • January 1, 2020 – $12.00 per hour
  • January 1, 2021 – $13.00 per hour
  • January 1, 2022 – $14.00 per hour

California minimum wage comes with considerable teeth: Non-Exempt employees paid less than minimum wage are entitled to recover in a civil action the unpaid balance of the full amount of the minimum wage, including interest, reasonable attorney’s fees, and costs of suit. Labor Code.

In addition to the above, employees found to be deprived of minimum wage for all hours worked in California are entitled to “liquidated damages,” which essentially means you could be entitled to twice the amount of wages taken from you.

The following links explain the common tactics employers resort to in order to pay less than minimum wage, tactics that result in taking substantial amounts of money from California employees every day:

Piece-Rate Pay Structures and Unpaid Minimum Wage

Many workers – like truck drivers and agricultural workers – are not paid by the hour, but by formulas that measure compensation by the amount of “pieces” or tasks of work completed. For instance, truck drivers are often paid by the miles they drive. Likewise, agricultural workers are oftentimes paid by the amount of produce they harvest per day. These pay structures are called piece-rate pay structures or task based pay.

Although California law does not, per se, outlaw these pay structures, it has strict rules pertaining to them to ensure they do not violate California minimum wage law.  Employers almost always violate every principle behind these requirements and employees lose massive amounts of earned wages.

Under California law, piece-rate pay structures must separately compensate employees for all tasks at the applicable minimum wage. In the example with the driver paid by the mile, the driver is only getting paid when he or she is driving. The per mile pay structure does not separately compensate for all time spent performing non-driving tasks such as loading, unloading, and securing freight, waiting at terminals while trucks are being loaded or unloaded, fueling, or waiting in long inspection lines – all of which must be compensated at least at California’s minimum wage. Piece-rate pay plans like this often result in employees working several hours a day without any compensation.

Employers cannot get away with not paying for this time by averaging out the pay you do receive throughout the day or week by the amount of hours you work. That is, even if you earn $200/day in piece-rate pay and work 10 hours in a day (which, when averaged out, would equal an hourly rate of $20.00), you have are owed money for the tasks you performed that your piece-rate pay structure does not specifically pay you for.

If you have suffered wage theft in California through an unlawful piece-rate pay structure, contact our office immediately, as there may be a limited timeframe for you to bring your claim for unpaid wages. See also the following links for further information: Wage Order Industries, Case Example,Case Example 2

Tip Pooling/Sharing and Unpaid Minimum Wage

In California, it is permissible for employers to make their employees share tips with other employees. Tips, however, may not be shared or pooled with supervisors or managers. Tips may also not be used to supplement an hourly rate in an attempt to meet or exceed the applicable minimum wage. These seem like easy rules to follow, but many employers choose cost savings over paying employees’ wages that are rightfully theirs. If you have suffered wage loss in the form of unlawful tip pooling/sharing in California, contact our office immediately as there may be a limited timeframe for you to bring your claim for unpaid wages. See also the following link for further information: Labor Code

Unlawful Salary and Unlawful Daily Rate and Unpaid Minimum Wage

Non-exempt employees must be paid for all hours worked at the applicable minimum wage. Salaried and daily or flat rate workers both are paid without regard to the amount of hours they work – they will be paid the same amount no matter how many hours they work. Although it is technically legal in California to pay non-exempt workers by salary or daily rate, there are strict rules employers have to follow, which all too often they fail to satisfy.

In California, a salary or a fixed daily rate can only compensate for non-overtime hours. The salary or fixed daily rate does not pay non-exempt employees for any work over eight daily and forty weekly hours. If employers do not pay extra compensation beyond the salary or fixed daily rate that equates to at least the applicable minimum wage for all hours over eight daily and/or forty weekly hours, employees are being paid nothing for those hours, which violates California’s minimum wage laws.

Also, the daily rate or salary must compensate non-exempt employees for all hours worked at the applicable minimum wage per hour. To determine this, the daily rate amount must be divided by 8 hours and the salary paid per week must be divided by 40 weekly hours. For instance, if an employee is paid a daily rate of $120/day. To determine if the daily rate does not violate California’s minimum wage laws, you would divide 120 by 8, which equals $15.00. As $15.00 per hour is more than the applicable minimum wage, this flat daily rate would not violate California’s minimum wage for non-overtime hours worked, i.e., 8 daily or 40 weekly. If, however, the employee works over eight hours in a day and is paid nothing beyond the daily rate, the employee would be effectively receiving no compensation for those hours over eight, which violates California’s minimum wage laws as well as California’s overtime laws.

Likewise, if a non-exempt employee were receiving a salary of, say, $500/week, to determine whether the salary pays an hourly rate that is not less than the applicable minimum wage, you would divide 500 by 40, which also equals $12.50. Like the daily rate, though, when the employee works over 40 weekly hours, he or she must be paid additional compensation that is not less than the applicable minimum wage and applicable overtime rate.

If you have suffered wage theft in California due to being paid an unlawful fixed daily rate or unlawful salary, contact our office immediately, If you have suffered wage loss in the form of unlawful tip pooling/sharing in California, contact our office immediately as there may be a limited timeframe for you to bring your claim for unpaid wages. See also the following link for further information: Case Example

Unlawful Commission Pay and Unpaid Minimum Wage

Many employers will pay employees who work away from the office and are involved in sales on a commission, not hourly, basis. If the employee does not meet what is called the “outside sales person” exemption test, the employer must pay the employee the applicable minimum wage for all hours worked. Employers save considerable amounts of money by paying on a commission-only basis, because they get exhaustive hours of work out of their employees without paying minimum wage and only pay them when the employer’s bottom line increases.

California law will only permit employees to be exempt from minimum wage and overtime under the outside sales person exemption when all of the following apply:

  1. The employee is 18 years or older; and
  2. The employee regularly spends more than half of his or her work time away from the employer’s place of business; and
  3. The employee sells items, or obtains orders or contracts for products, services, or the use of facilities.

Here’s the tell-tale sign that an employee does not meet the outside sales person exemption and must be paid the applicable minimum wage and overtime for all hours worked. If the employee spends less than 50% of his or her time doing non-sales tasks, the employee is not an outside sales person and must be paid for all overtime and minimum wage and must be provided with all required meal breaks and rest breaks. This means, if the employee works away from the employer’s facility for more than 50% of the time, but does not spend over 50% of the time doing sales related work, they are not outside sales persons and must be paid for all overtime and minimum wage and must be provided with all required meal breaks and rest breaks. The same is true if the commissioned employee spends most of his or her time doing sales work, such as over the phone, on the internet, or at an employer’s satellite facility, but does not perform those tasks away from the employer’s premises.

If you have been wrongly classified as an outside sales person, you are likely out a substantial sum of money and should take action to get it back. Contact our California Minimum Wage Attorneys at the  Mara Law Firm immediately, as there may be a limited  timeframe for you to bring your claim for unpaid overtime.

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